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The United Kingdom is a sovereign state situated west of continental Europe; its total area is 244,820 square kilometers. It comprises four countries: England, Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland. Northern Ireland is the only part of the U.K. with a land border (with the Republic of Ireland); the rest of the state is surrounded by bodies of water (the Atlantic Ocean, the North Sea, the English Channel, and the Irish Sea. The English Channel separates the U.K.’s southern coastline from France. The United Kingdom is renowned for its level plains and rolling green countryside. These predominate in the south and the east, whereas to the north and the west, the landscape includes rugged hills and low mountains. The UK is a major political and economic force, with membership in the G8 and an economy that is the fifth largest in the world and second largest in Europe. UK has a rich history of fostering multicultural study environment and imparting quality education at the graduate and post-graduate levels. Its capital is London.

  • Location:              Northwestern coast of mainland Europe
  • Countries:           England, Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales
  • Immigrants:        10% of the total population
  • Languages:         English, French (spoken by 2.3% of the country’s population), Polish (1.0%), German (0.9%), Spanish (0.8


Britain is an island country and the surrounding sea gives England a varied climate. Generally UK has warm summers and cool winters. The overall climate in England is called temperate maritime.

  • The United Kingdom has a temperate climate, with plentiful rainfall all year round.
  • The temperature varies with the seasons but seldom drops below -10 °C (14.0 °F) or rises above 35 °C. This means that it is mild with temperatures not much lower than 0ºC in winter and not much higher than 32ºC in summer.
  • In the west, winters are wet, especially over high ground.
  • Summers are warmest in the south east of England, being closest to the European mainland, and coolest in the north. Snowfall can occur in winter and early spring.
  • Scotland tends to be colder than England since its located further North but this has its good side since it enables Scotland to provide Skiing holidays to its visitors.


The food at UK reflects the many ethnic influences in British society. At UK you will get ingredients from Asia, Africa, the Caribbean and Latin America, as well as food from many other parts of the world. You’ll still find the famous English breakfast and Fish and Chips, but you’ll also see a very diverse range of meals and menus while you’re in the UK. The British are increasingly healthy eaters and there is a very wide range of organic produce available in shops and supermarkets. To share your own cookery with people from the UK and other countries is a great way to make new friends and a good habit too.


Many cities in the UK have rapid transit systems combined of local or light rail with bus and tram systems. The rail network in Great Britain is the oldest such network in the world. It connected to Wales, Scotland and France via Channel Tunnel. Outside of London there is the Tyne and Wear Metro consisting light rail metro system whereas inner London has Underground / Tube transit.

Major Regions/ Cities

Major Regions/ Cities:


  • London
  • Birmingham
  • Manchester
  • Liverpool
  • Oxford
  • Cambridge


  • Glasgow
  • Edinburgh
  • Aberdeen


  • Cardiff
  • Swansea
  • Newport

Major Economy

The service sector of the UK is dominated by financial services, especially in banking and insurance. The industrialization of Britain was initially concentrated on heavy industries such as shipbuilding, coal mining, steel production, and textiles. But now the British service sector also contributes heavily in the country’s GDP.

Economy of England:

  • Investment and banking: The city of London is a major financial district. It employs around 70% of the working population. The city of London is heavily concentrated with Banks, Insurance companies, Commodity and Future exchange.
  • Manufacturing: It accounts for some 26% of the UK’s GDP.
  • Tourism: Tourism is the 6th largest industry in the UK. It employs 6.1% of the working population.

Economy of Scotland

  • Third largest GDP per capita after London and Greater London.
  • The power house of Europe.
  • Leader in manufacturing and shipbuilding.
  • Producer of textiles, whisky, shortbread, aero-engines, buses, computer software, ships, avionics, microprocessor, banking, insurance to fund management, and tourism.
  • Fishing is economy’s main stay in Aberdeen.
  • The financial services industry is fastest growing areas with a growth rate of over 35% over the period 2000 to 2005.
  • It has a well-educated population – adult Literacy rates are at over 99%.
  • Edinburgh is the financial services centre of Scotland and the sixth largest centre in Europe. Many large technology firms relocating to this city. University of Edinburgh is excellent in the field of Artificial Intelligence.


  • Leading seaport
  • Fourth largest manufacturing centre in the UK
  • Shipbuilding is a large part of its economy.
  • One of the top financial centers
  • Home to many of the UK’s leading companies.
  • Other important industries include textile production, chemicals, distilling, brewing and fishing.
  • Aberdeen is the centre of the North Sea Oil industry with the port and harbor serving many oil fields off shore. (University of Aberdeen is a world-leader in the study of offshore technology in the oil and gas industry).

Economy of Wales

  • Ranks as the 43rd largest economy in the world.
  • Dominated by the service sector.
  • Manufacturing sector contributes 32%, whilst agriculture, forestry and fishing contributed 1.5%.
  • Cardiff, Swansea and Newport are centre for retail, hotels and restaurants, financial and business services.
  • Nearly all the tinplate and much of the aluminum of sheet steel products in the UK are produced in Welsh plants.
  • Producer of automotive components.
  • Approximately 80% of the land in Wales is used for agriculture. Though in total agriculture, forestry and fishing only contributes 1.5 % of the Welsh economy.

Major Industries

The major industries of UK are:

  • Textiles
  • Chemical products
  • Automobiles
  • Locomotives
  • Aircraft

However, Emerging Industries of UK are:

  • Construction
  • Services,
  • Administrative,
  • Computer,
  • Pharmaceutical
  • Financial
  • Agriculture and fishing: Highly mechanized and efficient. It contributes around 2% of GDP

Some Facts

  • Emergency Services: 999(Police, Fire, Ambulance)
  • UK international dialing code: +44

Education System

Education in the UK is compulsory for everyone between the ages of five and 16, and is provided by two kinds of schools: state-funded schools and independent (private, fee-charging) schools. The UK has two distinct systems of courses and qualifications: one for England, Wales and Northern Ireland, and one for Scotland, each compatible with the other. Up until the age of 16 the subjects that pupils study are determined by the National Curriculum and many subjects, such as English and mathematics, are compulsory.

Types of British Institutions /Education

State Education for Post 16 Year Olds

Students can either choose a state sixth form college or a college of further education. Both offer GCSE and A level courses for students from the age of 16. Colleges of further education also offer foundation and diploma courses. All colleges can prepare students for entry to UK universities. Bright World works with a number of state colleges in the UK which provide a multitude of vocational and academic courses. These courses can enable students to pursue their chosen career or to gain a place at a university of their choice.

The Private Sector

There are many schools and colleges in the UK which are privately funded institutions. Private colleges are generally more expensive than state colleges for overseas students, have smaller class sizes and have smaller student numbers – some with just 150 students in one school. UK Boarding schools are for students from 11-18 years of age and follow the traditional education system. Tutorial colleges start at age 15 and have a more flexible programme range, focusing on fast access to UK universities.

Secondary school – Ages 11-13 (School years 7-9) From the age of 11 to 14 students in British state and private schools study a broad range of 10-15 subjects that usually follow the guidelines of the National Curriculum. No public examinations are taken during this time.

Secondary school graduation (GCSE) – Ages 14-15 (School years 10-11)

Traditionally, at the age of 14 students start a programme that lasts for 2 years and during which time they study 5-10 subjects of their choice. Intensive, one year courses are available for students of 15 plus with the appropriate academic level from their own country. Fewer subjects are studied (maximum 6). After this two year period, students take GCSE (General Certificate of Secondary Education) state examinations. These qualify students to continue onto A level or Foundation programmes for university preparation.

University preparation (AS/A level) – Ages 16-17 (School years 12-13)

Once a student reaches the age of 16 they can start a 2 year programme which leads to A (Advanced) level examinations. Students specialize in 3 or 4 subjects that are usually relevant to the degree subject they wish to follow at university. At the end of year 1 student take AS level examinations. They continue with three or four of these subjects in year 2 and convert them into full A level qualifications at the end of the year. A level is state examinations and is recognized by all UK universities and by institutions worldwide. From age 17, international students can opt to study one year foundation programmes. These courses lead to private examinations that are an alternative to A levels. Foundation courses at colleges are recognized by universities with whom they have partnerships. Some universities also offer foundation courses that lead onto their own degree programmes. A range of 1 and 2 year vocational diploma programmes are also offered at state colleges. These give students a recognized qualification and can also lead onto degree courses.

Undergraduate degree programmes (bachelors degree) – Age18+

A British bachelor’s degree normally takes three years to complete and most are awarded at honors level. Examples of first degrees are: BA (Bachelor of Arts), BEng (Bachelor of Engineering), and BSc (Bachelor of Science). State colleges offer some 2 year vocational diplomas that grant exemption from the first and sometimes second year of a degree programme. Some private tutorial colleges offer a one year diploma programme which is equivalent to year 1 of university. Students taking 1 year diplomas are awarded second year entry at some universities.

Postgraduate degree programmes (masters degree) – Ages 21+

Postgraduate courses in the UK are very intensive. This means that the courses are usually much shorter than in other countries. A master’s degree typically takes 12 months to complete, for example an MA – Master of Arts and a MEng – Master of Engineering. An MBA (Master of Business Administration) is a high profile Masters course which can take 2 years. Applicants will usually be high achieving with at least 2 years managerial experience. A PhD research degree in the UK can take between 2 and 7 years.

Gist of Education System:

  • 12 years of Schooling
  • 3 year Bachelor Degree / 4 years of Engineering
  • 1 year Master Degree
  • 3 years PhD

Level of the Program

Program Level
English B2
Foundation & Certificate Level 3
Diploma & advance Diploma Level 3, 4 & 5
Bachelor Level 6
PG Diploma & Master Level 7 & above

Reasons for Studying in UK

The United Kingdom remains as one of the power houses when it comes to education. Its universities and colleges are historically renowned for being exceptional in their standards and qualities they employ when it comes to higher education. This is why the United Kingdom is in the top three countries in terms of the volume of international students in the world. Hosting one of the oldest established systems in the world, it has earned the right to pride itself in exceptional education and in being one of the most ideal destinations for higher studies.

Academic Excellence:

The United Kingdom has instituted a number of offices that set the standards and help in maintaining a certain level of respectability in its higher education. Nationally recognized UK qualifications are subject to strict inspection and quality standards by respective national quality assurance agencies and funding councils (QCA, ACCAC, CCEA, SQA, QAA, RAE). These abbreviations make no sense to you right now we understand, but sooner rather than later, they will. All that you need to do is be able to select the right course and the right Institution. The World famous names such as Cambridge, and Oxford, have made prestige become synonymous with top education and have managed to become household names indicating absolute highest standards.

World Class Qualification:

The amount of respect given to a British education ranges over a number of areas from health to legal studies to business to technology. The various alumni all over the world with exceptional status and achievements are testament the systems that managed to get them there arming them with the knowledge and confidence they empowered them with. The UK has produced world leaders that went on to become presidents of their country, win Nobel prizes and become sports legends to mention a few.

Modern Learning Environment:

The quality and set up of institutions in the UK parallels the best in the world. The focus on research, practicality and the employment of different assessment methods have made it extremely modern and adaptable to the ever changing requirements of the market place.


More and more international students see the UK system as an advantage to help them progress sooner as compared to the US and Canadian curriculum. We can find the fact that most bachelor’s degrees are awarded in three years of study and master’s degrees awarded in twelve months make s the UK extremely efficient from the perspectives of international students. Besides the excellent academic atmosphere, the UK hosts international students from all over the world and is centrally located to majority of the continents. And of course, being the heart of the greatest football league is an extremely awesome asset for those looking for a little bit more than just education and culture.

Admission Requisition

Most degree programs in the UK will require that the student have passed either A-levels and attained certain grades. So within a university different courses will have different requirements and universities as a whole may have certain requirements that all students will have to meet. MBA admission requires work experience of at least 2-3 years at the managerial level, in all decent UK universities. And, unlike in the US, PhD applicants need a Master’s degree. Otherwise, applicants could register for an M. Phil. Degree and transfer to PhD program if the progress is good.

Required Tests

Candidates for admission whose first language is not English normally need to have A qualification in English Language before they can be admitted to any course or programme in a UK institution. A general guide to the accepted English language entry requirements for most institutions is outlined below.

  • British Council IELTS band 6.0 or above TOEFL (including the Tests in Written and Spoken Practice) minimum score of 600 (paper-based test) or 250 (computer-based test). The minimum scores usually required are 6.0 to 7.0 for IELTS and 213 to 250 (CBT) for TOEFL
  • For MBA programs in good universities a good GMAT score is required in addition to IELTS or scores and work experience of 2-3 years In addition to decent academic performance at the Bachelor’s level.

Cost of Education

For international students, universities set their own fees and they vary by subject and by institution. The average costs of tuition in various fields are:

  • Under Graduation (3-4yrs): £4,500 to £8,500 per year
  • Post Graduation: £5,500 to £11,000 per year

Accommodation and Living Expenses

Living within London Boroughs require GBP 800 per month if the course duration is less than 9 months and only GBP 7200 if the course duration is more than 9 months

Living outside London requires GBP 600 per month if the course duration is less than 9 months and only GBP 5400 if the course duration is more than 9 months.

Work Prospects

International students in the UK can now work up to twenty hours a week when studying and full time during vacations. Students are able to obtain part-time employment quite easily in bigger cities like London and Birmingham. There is no permission required for most international students to take part-time and vacation work. Students can take up placements or internship placements, which are part of a ‘sandwich course’.

Students could look out for part-time jobs by looking in the local newspapers and job shops as well as the Universities and Colleges career cells where information is available about vacancies. Usually, most jobs are minimum wage jobs like work in fast food joints and department stores. The higher paid jobs involve working in call centers. You should also explore opportunities available in your university. You can earn approximately around 6-7 Pound Sterling per hour. If you are going to the UK as a student for six months or less, you must ask the Entry Clearance Officer for permission to work. However students are not guaranteed part time employment by the University.

For more information, please go to and click on Managing our borders and then Managing migration.

Major Intakes

Normally Colleges have three to four intakes per year in the month of January / April / July / September.

The main intake offered by all Universities is September / October few universities offer Jan / Feb intake also.

Useful Website Links



Government websites

UK student life

Jobs and work


These web pages contain only guidelines. All these information is taken from various relevant websites aiming to answer some common questions. Visitors are recommended to contact the office for most updated information.