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Australia is the largest island and the smallest, oldest, and driest continent on the earth with approximately 7.7 million square kilometers, located between the Indian Ocean and the South Pacific Ocean. It is the sixth-largest country after Russia, Canada, China, United States of America and Brazil in the world but has the lowest population density (Approximately 20 million only) in the world with 2 people per sq. km. Because of its unique and varied geography, it is an archaeologist’s enchantment, with landforms dating back millions of years. Australia is mostly flat, but has some notable mountains and long beaches with its capital Canberra.
Although majority of Australians are Christian; there are wealth of other religions which are represented in communities across the country. The main language in Australia is English, but due to the more than 1 million Asians currently living in Australia, and population based on European immigrants, many other languages are commonly spoken such as Chinese, Japanese, German, French, etc.
Weather
The climate of Australia varies widely, but by far the largest part of Australia is desert or semi-arid – 40% of the landmass is covered by sand dunes. Only the south-east and south-west corners have a temperate climate and moderately fertile soil. The northern part of the country has a tropical climate, varied between tropical rainforests, grasslands, part desert. The rainfall patterns across Australia are highly seasonal.
In Australia, snow can fall in the mountains of Victoria, Australian Capital Territory, New South Wales and Tasmania. There is a regular snow season in several areas which have seasonal ski tourism industries. Sometimes snow has even been reported in the mountains of South Australia, Western Australia and Queensland though this is very rare.
Transport
Roads
Australia has the second highest level of car ownership in the world. It has three to four times more roads per capita than Europe and seven to nine times more than Asia. Australia also has the third highest per capita rate of fuel consumption in the world. Perth, Adelaide and Brisbane are rated among the most car-dependent cities in the world, with Sydney and Melbourne close behind. Furthermore, the distance travelled by car (or similar vehicle) in Australia is among the highest in the world, being exceeded by USA and Canada.
The majority of road tunnels in Australia have been constructed since the 1990s to relieve traffic congestion in metropolitan areas, or to cross significant watercourses.
Other transport modes include:
 Rail
 Intra-state and city rail services
 Metro
 Mining railways
 Sea

Major Regions/ Cities
Following are the popular cities in Australia in each region.
 New South Wales
(Sydney, Armidale, Blue Mountains, Liverpool, Newcastle, Penrith, Paramatta, Waga Waga and Wollongong)
 Northern Territory
(Darwin and Palmerston)
 Queensland
(Brisbane, Cairns, Gold Coast, Toowoomba and Townswille)
 South Australia
(Adelaide)
 Tasmania
(Greater Hobart which is also the Capital and which consists of the conurbation of the City of Clarence, City of Hobart, and the City of Glenorchy)
 Victoria
(Melbourne, Ballarat, Bendigo, Warrnambool and Hamilton)
 Western Australia
(Perth, Albany, Armadale, Joondalup)
Major Economy
The economy of Australia is a developed, modern market economy with a GDP of approximately $1 trillion USD. In 2009, it was the 13th largest national economy by nominal GDP and the 18th largest measured by PPP adjusted GDP, representing about 1.7% of the World economy. Australia was also ranked the 21st largest importer and 23rd largest exporter.
The Australian economy is dominated by its service sector, representing 68% of Australian GDP. The agricultural and mining sectors (10% of GDP combined) account for 57% of the nation’s exports.
The Australian Securities Exchange is the largest stock exchange in Australia.
Major Industries
Main Industries:
 Service
 Agriculture
 Transportation equipment
 Chemicals
 Education
 Processed and unprocessed minerals
 Food products
 Wood and paper products
 Fish products
 Petroleum and natural gas
 Steel
 Mining

Some Facts
CAPITAL : Canberra
CURRENCY: Australian Dollar ( $) (AUD)
LANGUAGE: Although Australia has no official language, English is so entrenched that it has become the de facto national language.
INTAKE: February & July
CALLING CODE: +61
Emergency Services: 000 (Police, Fire, Ambulance)

Education System
Australian education has a strong international reputation for excellence in all areas of education and training. Education institutions, which impart the most modern skills, cost effectively through innovative teaching, a high level of technological advancement. Whether you study at a University, School, Vocational or English Language Institute, you will receive a quality education that will form a strong foundation for your future success. Australia is one of the best places in the world to live while you learn. The standard of living is amongst the highest in the world, yet costs remain competitive over other countries.
The living in Australia, learning in Australia and education in Australia are both personal and academic benefit. The combination of globally recognized qualifications and access to the latest technology and research excellence gives an edge for Australian Quality education. Moreover, Education Services for Overseas Students (ESOS) Act 2000 ensures that Institutions who enroll international students are registered with Commonwealth Register of Institutions and Courses for Overseas Students (CRICOS). This ensures that Institutions meet stringent standards, for marketing activities, education delivery, facilities and student support services.
Types of Australian Institutions /Education
There are 37 public universities and two private universities in Australia offering both undergraduate and postgraduate programs. University study can lead to the following awards: Undergraduate – Bachelor Degrees, Bachelor Degrees (with Honors’), Undergraduate Diplomas, Associate Diplomas; Postgraduate – Doctoral Degrees, Masters Degrees, Graduate Diplomas and Graduate Certificates that are recognized throughout the world. Universities are established under legislation and set their own academic requirements within strict legislative guidelines. Australia has an integrated nationwide system of qualifications, known as the Australian Qualification Framework (AQF), which is recognized by the Australian Government. Under this, students can move easily from one level of study to the next and receive credit for previous study. It brings together the qualifications offered at different levels i.e. Bachelor degrees, Master’s degrees, Doctorate, Postgraduate certificates and Postgraduate Diplomas.
There are several institutions offering Vocational courses offering Certificate and Associate Degree programs (equivalent to +2 level), which are highly popular for their employment potential. After the vocational level, admission is possible at the undergraduate level, which offers Bachelor’s degrees. The subsequent level is the Post-graduate, where Master’s programs are offered. Interestingly, the three-year degrees from University are acceptable for direct admission into Master’s level programs in Australian universities. At the Master’s level, the focus is more on research, though most universities are offering professional master’s degrees too, that are suitable for gainful employment. A good academic record in Bachelors degree from a recognized university is necessary. Any work experience in the field will be helpful. For most of the MBA programs, students need to have 2-5 years of work experience along with their Bachelors Degree. On your breaks from study, you will have a wide choice of activities to enrich your experience – from cultural festivals, concerts and museums, to major sporting events.
Before receiving a student’s visa, student must demonstrate the access to sufficient fund to pay for living expenses, education costs and travel for the duration of course. Students can offset the living expenses by working part time during study period but they should not rely on the wages as the only source of income.
Reasons for Studying in Australia
Whichever course you choose, you’ll experience a unique kind of education. Studying in Australia promotes innovative, creative and independent thinking. You’ll learn to work as part of a team, to communicate effectively with others and to develop the practical skills and intellectual abilities you need for global success. There are few reasons behind the study in Australia.
 Globally-recognized courses and qualifications.
 Dynamic and progressive education programs with a reputation for excellence.
 Excellent pathway and articulation between programmers such as diploma to degree.
 Cheaper study and living expenses comparison with many other countries.
 Incredibly beautiful country with a wide range of scenic, amazing and diverse landscape with unique and wonderful flora and fauna and leisure opportunities.
 Multicultural, vibrant, friendly society, with over 400,000 international students coming to study in Australia each year.
 A relaxed, enjoyable and safe lifestyle.
 Great weather.
 The night life rocks.

Admission Requisition
Admission to all undergrad programs is based on your marks obtained in Standard XII exams. For post grad degrees and diplomas it is based on the marks obtained in you’re under graduate degree. Eligibility conditions for post-graduate admissions: Most of the Australian universities and higher institutes acknowledge the graduation system of three years for entry into most postgraduate courses. But, some of the courses and universities may require a qualification equivalent to Australian Bachelor-Honors degree, which requires either an honors graduation degree with 16 years of formal education, which would mean another year after graduation or a four year degree course like engineering degree courses and other such courses.
Required Tests
For admission into any level of programs, IELTS is required for admission and for visa purpose as well. IELTS is a mandatory requirement for the processing of visa application. Thus, student must have an IELTS score before applying for visa.
Students can also go to Australia for studying an English course called ELICOS in case they are short of .5 or 1 band from the required score.
EXAM DIPLOMA BACHELORS GRAD DIP PG DIP/MASTER
IELTS 5.5-6 0 6.0- 6.5 6.0
(WRITING-6.0) 6.5 -7.0
(WRITING-6.0)
Some institutions may accept IELTS 6.0 band as well.

Scores of GRE, GMAT is needed by some business schools. Enrolling in to bachelor or masters degree student must obtain at least an IELTS score of 6.0. Whereas those enrolling in a diploma level program need an overall band of 5.5. However some courses like law, communications, nursing, MBA need a higher level of proficiency, as overall band score of 6.5 or 7 with no band less than 6.0.
This is just a guideline. English requirements may change as per course/University.
Cost of Education
The cost of education varies with education provider; colleges, universities and the curriculum model. However, the average tuition fees for different programs according to AUD per annum are listed below.
Diploma: 7,000 – 11,000
Bachelors Degree: 9,000 – 15,000
Masters degree: 10,000 – 22,000

This is just a guideline. Course fee may change as per Program/University.
Accommodation and Living Expenses
AUD 18,000 per year
Living Expenses as per the Australia High Commission visa guidelines:
Living (Applicant) – 18,000.00 AUD per year
Living (Spouse) – 6,300 .00 AUD per year
Living (Child I) – 3,600.00 AUD per year
Living (Child II) – 2,700.00 AUD per year

Further if the child turns 5 year in Australia, the schooling funds are needed for the stay in Australia.
Work Prospects
Part-Time Work:
Students can work up to a maximum of 20 hours per week after they start their studies and full time during vacations after obtaining work permit from the concern authorities.
Earnings:
The earnings vary between AU$ 10 to AU$ 18 per hour
Major Intakes
INTAKE:
University / Colleges:
Australian institutions have major intake in the month of February/ Early March each year.
July/ August intake is also a very big intake with few courses in the specialized programs not being offered at this point of time.
Some courses also start in the month of May, October and November.
Useful Website Links
 http://www.immi.gov.au
 http://www.cricos.dest.gov.au
 http://www.studyingaustralia.com
 http://www.vfs-au-in.com
 http://www.india.embassy.gov.au
 http://www.studyinaustralia.gov.au
 http://www.cricos.deewr.gov.au

Disclaimer:
These web pages contain only guidelines. All these information is taken from various relevant websites aiming to answer some common questions. Visitors are recommended to contact the office for most updated information.

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